The Impact of the EUâ€™s Russia Sanctions on the Obligations under EU Chemicals Legislation
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2022)
The EUâ€™s sanctions adopted in the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine are in numerous ways unprecedented, especially considering the close economic ties that previously existed between the EU and Russia. The sanctions packages have therefore largely separated the two economies (as they intended to do) and thereby severely affected businesses and supply chains in and outside of Europe. While most multinationals are well aware of the impact on trade and have set up advanced compliance systems to ensure no prohibited trade in goods and provision of services takes place, there appears to be less awareness of the impact of the EUâ€™s sanctions on operatorsâ€™ compliance with EU chemical legislation. However, the sanctions also impact the obligations under the EUâ€™s chemicals regulations, most notably on mandatory sharing of (vertebrate) animal studies but also related to the joint submission of registrations. This contribution hence examines the interplay between the respective obligations under the EUâ€™s sanctions regime and the EUâ€™s chemicals regulations, to allow operators to asses and determine their compliance strategies. While the contribution focuses on the interaction with the Russia sanctions, the same comments would apply generally to other sanctions imposed by the EU.
Shaping the Electricity Market of the Future
© SRU - SachverstĂ¤ndigenrat fĂĽr Umweltfragen (11/2013)
Climate-neutral electricity generation is both necessary and possible. It is necessary because the Federal Republic of Germany, together with the other Member States of the European Union, has committed itself to the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 per cent from 1990 levels by 2050. This is the industrialised countriesâ€™ minimum contribution to the internationally agreed target of preventing global average temperature from rising more than 2Â°C above pre-industrial levels. This target can only be achieved by moving to a power system essentially based on renewable sources, as substantial emission reductions are easier and less expensive to implement in the electricity sector than in other sectors.
5. Processes, EQF 3 Premium
© AIRE (Adapting and installing an international vocational training for renewable energy) (1/2012)
Which knowledge, skills and competences does an AIRE specialist need as far as documentation processes, legal regulations and project management is concerned?
The role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in developing tourism for a sustainable social â€“ economic environment
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are crucial drivers for tourism providers for conducting business transactions, distributing products and services, networking with trading partners and providing information to consumers worldwide. An increasing number of consumers are using the Internet to obtain information, plan and buy their travel. The present paper provides an introduction on the role of tourism for development and highlights the role of technology innovation in the tourism sector, in particular in the context of digital divide as well as the urgency of actions to address its economic, social and cultural environment.
Green Information Technology (IT) Strategy
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Every Information Technology (IT) organization can substantially improve its environmental performance, while often reducing or avoiding costs. IT organizations must go beyond the data center and adopt a very broad approach to their environmental programs.
Mechanical-biological treatment as a strategically project for the social and environmental development
© Wasteconsult International (6/2009)
Through the experiences of different countries, notably Chile, Haiti and Brazil, the using of the Mechanical Biological Treatment of residues was projected involving a series of components directed to the development and improvement of the life quality for the populations. The application of the MBT, as a solution for a parcel of the urban residues, is carried through by technical and holistic elements, where the economic, social and environmental aspects are equated in an integrated proposal of handling and treatment. The concept of valuation of residues is extended to beyond the productive activities, including pedagogical activities, territorial organization, environmental protection and social inclusion.
Waste treatment, social and environmental development, emissions reduction, environmental education
2 Technical introduction of MBT
3 Mechanical and biological treatment products
4 MBT: social development and environmental protection
5 Individual Projects Overview