Environmental-economic impact assessment of business models in the Austrian waste economy
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
The dynamic macroeconomic one-region and multi-sector model WIFO.DYNK (dynamic new-Keynesian) was adapted to model the employment and value-added impacts of the Austrian waste economy in this respect. It is based on the most recent input-output tables of Statistics Austria.

A Sociological Checklist for Assessing Environmental Health Risks
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2014)
The contribution of social sciences to risk assessment has often been confined to dimensions of risk perception and communication. This article relates an effort to promote knowledge from the social sciences that addresses other dimensions of risk issues. A sociological checklist produced for ANSES in France helps to identify and analyse social dimensions that should be given attention during the process of risk assessment.

Employment Impact Assessment Studies – Is There a Best Approach to Assess Employment Impacts of RET Deployment?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2013)
The use of renewable energy (RE) sources plays a significant role in increasing the security of energy supply and mitigating climate change. Whereas these roles are undisputed, there is an ongoing discussion about the employment impacts of promoting RE deployment. So far no common methodological approach has been developed on how to assess employment impacts of RE deployment. This paper represents the result of a project (IEA-RETD), which intention is to elaborate guidelines for the assessment of employment impacts and to provide insights on impact mechanisms for modelling RE deployment effects. Therefore, the different focus of gross and net impact assessment studies is elucidated and relevant aspects of these studies are discussed. Further, a few selected methodological approaches for impact assessment studies are outlined as well as the results of the recommended assessment approach are briefly presented.

Less Ice, More Talk: The Benefits and Burdens for Arctic Communities of Consultations Concerning Development Activities
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2012)
The Arctic Ocean is rapidly losing summer sea ice, opening opportunities for economic development such as commercial shipping, mining, and oil and gas development. These activities entail the risk of cultural, social, and environmental impacts. In the United States and Canada, consultation processes have developed to give local residents a voice in assessing potential impacts and consequent decisions concerning development activities. In Greenland, consultation procedures are being developed as part of a larger environmental impact assessment system. The experience from Alaska and Canada shows that management decisions that incorporate a consultation process are preferable to decisions being made elsewhere with little or no local input. At the same time, current U.S. and Canadian consultation processes require a great deal of time and effort, and the influence of local input on final decisions is often unclear. We review examples from Alaska, the Northwest Territories, and Greenland, and find that two assessments are warranted. First, the burdens of consultation on local communities should be evaluated. Second, the degree to which local input influences final decisions should be examined, in part to determine whether the effort expended is worthwhile. In both cases, a key result of the assessment should be recommendations for improved practices to make clear how local input is used.

Energy Directive 2009/28/EC of 23 April 2009
© AIRE (Adapting and installing an international vocational training for renewable energy) (1/2012)
Directive on promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and ... on the qualified labour needed in order to implement this directive.

The Role of Regulatory Impact Assessment in Fighting Climate Change and the Economic Downturn: A EU-US Perspective
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (9/2010)
In times of low economic growth and post-Copenhagen climate talks, a number of reasons for regulatory competition and cooperation between the United States and the European Union coexist.

bifa-Text Nr. 42: CDM - Clean Development Mechanism in the waste management sector
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (10/2009)
An analysis of potentials and barriers within the present methodological framework

The New Legislative Competence of “Divergent State Legislation” and the Enactment of a Federal Environmental Code in Germany
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2007)
The purpose of this article is to assess the effects of the recently adopted reform of the Federal System in Germany on the possibility of enacting a Federal Environmental Code.

Recycling of contaminated dewatered sludge from the Gotthard Base Tunnel
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2006)
During the construction of the 57 kilometers long new transalpine rail route - the Gotthard Base Tunnel - in Switzerland, large quantities of mud-like materials resulted.

Contaminated aquifer remediation by means of zero-valent barriers
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (5/2003)
The organic halogenated compounds are characterized by a low biodegradability and because of their polarity have certain solubility in water: therefore they have a high mobility and environmental diffusion.



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