The Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (9/2023)
Just Missing Environmental Sustainability?

Ecodesign for Sustainable Products and the EU Digital Product Passport
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2022)
On 30 March 2022, the European Commission issued an ambitious proposal for an Ecodesign for Sustainable Products Regulation (ESPR). It suggests a significant extension of the existing Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC, to cover “the broadest possible range of products”. Main novelties include the creation of an EU “digital product passport” and provisions to address “substances of concern”, raising questions on the interface with REACH and WFD/SCIP. The article aims to provide a structured overview and initial assessment of the proposed ESPR scope, key new requirements and next steps.

Development of Personalised Medicine within Hospitals: Myth or Reality?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (5/2021)
Personalised medicine is not a novel or unfamiliar concept. Medicine has always been personalised to some extent, in that the best therapy available is offered which is suited for a particular patient and his or her individual situation, such as theirmedical history.Recent technological advancements havemerelymade this “aspect of customisation” evenmore evident and individualised.

Vegetable oil extraction of petroleum hydrocarbons from soil and subsequent separation via non-woven fabrics
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
The current combination, though, of using microemulsions of plant oil in water to extract mineral hydrocarbons in-situ from the soil and to separate that contaminated oil phase from water via non-wovens is novel and in preliminary experiments was shown be to very promising in terms of costs and performance.

Modelling of Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) Properties Based on Material Composition – Chloride Quality
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag fĂĽr Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Producing solid recovered fuels (SRF) is a well-established route for recovering energy resources from municipal solid waste (household and/or commercial). Chloride content critically impacts the quality of SRF. It directly influences operation of thermal processes, having deleterious effects through the high temperature corrosion of the boilers and through demands placed on the flue gas treatment (FGT) system, which could impact emissions control. Whereas design and specification of process plant can mitigate the technical issues associated with the presence of chloride experienced during thermal treatment, processing such fuels is associated with increased capital, operating and maintenance costs. This, at best, restricts the uptake/use of SRF or increases the cost of its treatment towards achieving a reduced chloride content.

Disposal of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers – Problems During Recycling and Impacts on Waste Incineration
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag fĂĽr Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs) are becoming increasingly more ubiquitous in our daily lives. CFRPs are composite materials, consisting of carbon fibers with high mechanical capabilities and a formative polymer matrix. The production process of carbon fibers is complex and energy intensive, thus making CFRPs more expensive than comparable metal materials. The advantage of CFRPs lies in their weight; metal materials of the same properties weight up to five times as much. This makes CFRPs especially valuable in areas, where weight and cost directly correlate, but high mechanical properties are still essential.

Review of the Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF) for Waste Incineration – What is the Current Status?
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag fĂĽr Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
The Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREF) are a central point of technical environmental protection in Europe. This involves connected to the IED a higher liability of the BREF because they are updated regularly. Even their further implementation and monitoring at the national level were laid down precisely.

Material Stream Characterization with Acoustic Emission Technology
© ANTS - Institut fĂĽr anthropogene Stoffkreisläufe an der RWTH Aachen (2/2016)
Analyzing material streams is a crucial topic in the primary and secondary raw materials industry.

Use of SRF in cement plants
© Wasteconsult International (5/2015)
Over the last decades the German cement industry has gained lots of experience in theuse of alternative fuels in the clinker burning process. The share of suitable alternative fuels could be increased continuously. In 2013 almost 62 % of the overall thermal energy demand of the German clinker kilns was substituted via alternative fuels. The recovery process of energy and material is carried out in an environmentally safe manner. This is proven by continuous and periodic control of the emissions of the major pollutants.Furthermore, the alternative fuels are subject to a quality assurance system if necessary. Untreated mixed municipal wastes are not a suitable material for the clinker burning process. The use of alternative fuels does not only lead to a preservation of natural resources. It also delivers a significant contribution to the reduction of fossil fuel related greenhouse gas emissions. In the meantime, the use of suitable alternative materials in the cement industry is also considered as Best Available Technique (BAT).

Limits of NGO Rights to Invoke Access to Justice under the Aarhus Convention
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2015)
The Court of Justice’s Landmark Judgment in Joined Cases C-404/12P and C-405/12P

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