Environmental effects of fireworks with special consideration of plastic emissions
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der MontanuniversitĂ¤t Leoben (11/2020)
In Germany, about 133 million Euro are spent annually for New Yearâ€™s Eve fireworks, which result in 38,000 to 49,000 Mg of total firework mass. By a com-bination of desk research with official fireworks approval statistics, a customer survey, dismantling experiments with fireworks debris and with packaging characterisation, the total nationwide polymer emission was estimated to be 3,088 Mg. Out of this total mass, a projected polymer debris mass of 534 Mg was identified, and about 270 Mg of polymer packaging material. The remaining 2283 Mg of polymer mass are parts that eventually may remain at the launching site.
The Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach, Florida commissioned a white paper
© WtERT Germany GmbH (5/2011)
The Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach, Florida commissioned a white paper to address issues raised by the Sierra Club to the Palm Beach new 3,000 ton per day WTE facility. This comprehensive 82-page report prepared by Gershman, Brickner & Bratton (GBB) provides a wealth of information on waste-to-energy in general, and in Florida specifically.
Paper export with opportunities and risks: The financial crisis leads to market adjustment in the paper industry
© Deutscher Fachverlag (DFV) (6/2010)
The global financial crisis has also reached the German recycling industry. But as opposed to the banking and automotive industries, the recycling industry has not responded with panic or predictions of Armageddon. Admittedly, there are some problems with exporting wastepaper to China, but in Germany the industry sees more opportunities than risks. In any case, there will be some form of market adjustment. An important representative of the German disposal industry and an expert in the area of wastepaper expresses his views on the situation in the global market. Lutz Siewek is Managing Director of Nehlsen GmbH & CO. KG in Bremen (Germany), where he is also responsible for the company's entire raw materials business.
Retrofit injection of humid gas from sludge dryer and secondary air in WTE furnaces of QuĂ©bec city
© WTERT Greece (5/2010)
This paper discusses the retrofit injection of humid gas from sludge dryer with secondary air in the WTE furnaces in QuĂ©bec City. In 1992, a municipal sludge treatment plant was added in the WTE building. Three sludge dryers, each connected to a furnace, were added. Direct contact with hot furnace gas was used to dry sludge in a rotary drum. Humid gas from the dryer was returned to the rear wall of the furnace just above the finishing grate.
RECYCLING CODE – PACKAGING WASTE COLLECTION INCENTIVE PROGRAMME
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Valorsul, S.A. is the company responsible for the treatment of the approximately 750 thousand tons of Municipal Solid Waste produced, per year, in great Lisbon. This paper will present a case study of the communication strategy developed in order to achieve the European Union directives on the management of packaging waste - 2004/12/CE (2011 objectives) since the former directive (94/62/CE) objectives were achieved for glass, paper/cardboard and metal flows but not for plastic. 2011 goals are more demanding and despite the 20% grouth of selective collection in Valorsul’s area during the two last years this is not sufficient (see Tables 1 and 2).