Europe’s Air Becomes More and More Expensive: The Integration of Maritime Transport into the European Emission Trading Scheme
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2012)
Europas Geduld mit der internationalen Seeschifffahrtsorganisation neigt sich dem Ende zu: Da bisher auf internationaler Ebene eine Einigung auf eine verbindliche Reduktion der Treibhausgasemissionen des Schifffahrtssektors nicht in Sicht ist, plant die EuropĂ€ische Union die EinfĂŒhrung eigener Maßnahmen. Die wahrscheinliche Option ist der Einbezug in das europĂ€ische Emissionshandelssystem, so wie es bereits fĂŒr den Flugverkehr seit Januar 2012 der Fall ist. Dies wĂŒrde die internationale Seeschifffahrt vor finanzielle, technische, und administrative Herausforderungen stellen – nicht nur in Europa. Ein solches Handelssystem wirft darĂŒber hinaus, je nach Anwendungsbereich und Ausgestaltung, rechtliche Fragen im Hinblick auf seine Vereinbarkeit mit Völkerrecht auf, insbesondere bezĂŒglich Vorschriften des Seerechts, des internationalen Handelsrechts und der LegalitĂ€t extraterritorialer Maßnahmen.

Across the Top of the World? Emerging Arctic Navigational Opportunities and Arctic Governance
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2009)
The Arctic Ocean has witnessed dramatic thinning and melting of sea ice cover as a consequence of climate change in recent years. This has led to increasing access to and thus activities in the Arctic region, including with regard to shipping. Arctic navigational opportunities are examined and it is concluded that there are a number of major obstacles to Arctic routes transforming the pathways of global trade, at least in the immediate future. The likely future opening up of Arctic sea lanes does, however, provide a focal point for increasing external interest in the region and for changes in oceans governance.

Environmentally focused production and distribution supply chain network structures
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Enterprise optimisation can rapidly strip significant “bottom line” costs out ofglobal operations, giving companies a real competitive edge. Traditionally, the main objective of such optimisation models and methods has been to maximise the financial benefits by integrating operational, design and cost decisions. Over the last decade there has been a growing concern for the environmental impact of design and operational decisions.

Influence of temporal variation of traffic volume and composition on air quality in urban areas
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of the traffic temporal evolution on the air pollution in urban areas using the city of Thessaloniki as a case study. Data from traffic counts were used and include traffic volume and composition in main roads and intersections of the Thessaloniki city centre.

Publics’ attitude on air pollution in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The present work investigates the major environmental problem of air pollution that more or less occurs in the cities, based on publics’ perception. A case study was carried out in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece, in order to present and evaluate the publics’ attitude on air pollution levels in the city.

Intra-hourly variations of CO concentrations in Thessaloniki during the rush hours
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Large urban conurbations are suffered from huge traffic due to extensive use of private cars that degrade the quality of life (air pollution, exposure to dangerous pollutant concentrations of both carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic substances, noise pollution, lost traveling time in the cars due to traffic congestion and a consequent number of health problems such as backbone and back affections, nervous breakdown, blood pressure increase, etc.). Congested roads are significant sources of air pollutants.

Life Cycle costing of a new transportation pavement constructed in the Paphos District area in Cyprus as a pilot study of the ‘ECOLANES’ project
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
This paper describes briefly the methodology adopted for carrying out life cycle costing and environmental impact and energy consumption for different transportation pavements used and proposed in the ‘Ecolanes’ project. EcoLanes is an FP6 STREP project, funded under the priority thematic area of Sustainable Surface Transport, FP6-2005-Transport-4 call 3B. The project develops infrastructure for surface transport using slip forming and roller compaction techniques based on existing asphalt laying equipment and steel fibre reinforced concrete.

Systematic Design of a Mixing and Transporting Robot for Solar Drying of Biogenous Residuals
© European Compost Network ECN e.V. (9/2006)
SUMMARY: Solar and solar assisted dryers for sewage sludge have shown to be an interesting and commercially viable alternative compared to other known drying processes. A cost-efficient mixing and transporting robot for processing and handling of biomass and biogenous residuals during a solar drying process was developed.



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