Packaging recycling in EU member states – requirements from the circular economy package
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
The EU has established concrete recycling targets for packaging waste for 2025 and 2030. Furthermore, the methodology for calculating the corresponding recycling rates has been amended. The new and stricter calculation methodology will potentially lead to decreases of the current rates. This will be particularly the case for plastic packaging, where denkstatt calculated a gap far above 10 % compared to smaller decreases (> 2 %) to be expected for glass or steel packaging.

Reporting of food waste in the EU – Results of current estimates in Germany
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
In February 2019, the German Federal Cabinet adopted the 'National Strategy for Reducing Food Waste', setting a framework for the future direction of this initiative. Among other things, it stipulated that an inter-ministerial "Indicator 12.3 Working Group" should prepare the data bases and methods for nationwide balancing of food waste generation (baseline). Based on existing 2015 data, this status quo analysis will be used as a starting point to agree on milestones for the respective sectors.

The new Waste Framework Directive and its impact on textile waste
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2020)
In the course of implementing the circular economy package of the European Union, the Waste Framework Directive was amended recently. Textiles are no longer the poor relation of waste management but have come to the fore.

Waste-to-Energy Role in Circular Economy Concept - Modelling Approach
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2018)
The contribution is focused on the current issues of Czech municipal waste managment (WM). Development in this area is related both to the set goals and commitments in the Czech and EU waste management, as well as to circular economy transition ideas formulated in Circular Economy Package.

Enticing Consumers to Avoid Waste - Digital and Analogue Ways of Raising their Awareness
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2018)
The top priority of waste management in accordance with the Austrian Waste Management Act is waste prevention (§ 1 (2) AWG), which takes place largely outside the waste regime. Still, it is a prime task of waste management authorities to encourage the actual actor, producers of goods and products and consumers, to engage in waste prevention.

Chemical Current Sources Management in the European Union and Russia in the Context of Extended Producer Responsibility
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2018)
The rapid development of the electronic industry in the post-industrial society contributes to the increase in the production volumes of chemical currentsources (CCS). This article is concerned with the extended producer responsibility (EPR) concept and the mechanisms of its implementation in the spent chemical current sources (SCCS) management in Russia and in the EU countries. The EPR organization models for greening the SCCS lifecycle in these countries using the existing legal basis of the European Union and Russia are presented.

Materials recovery facilities: how legal government units (LGUs) address wastes build up in open dumpsites
© WTERT Asia (4/2017)
Slides from the presentation

Practices and Problems in MSW Management for Bio-Waste in Turkey
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Regarding the integrated solid waste management in Turkey, tremendous efforts have been given to the transposition and implementation of related EU directives. The “By-law” on General Principles of Waste Management (05.07.2008), the “By-law” on Landfilling of Waste (26.03.2010) and many others have been enacted and the management of municipal solid wastes and other special and hazardous wastes has been improved.

A SWOT Analysis for Municipal Waste Management in Turkey and the Challenges in the Course of Access to EU
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Just after the release of Waste Management Action Plan for 2008-2012 period in Turkey, TR - EU negotiations in environment chapter have opened. In the following period, many revisions in present TR regulations have completed and new directives and legislations were put into force on waste management, mostly in accordance with EU acquisitions. While the changes in the regulations in MSW management are realized, some factors are influencing and sometimes blocking their implementation. One of the major reasons is limited number of qualified stuff in regional units of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. The main challenge for the municipalities is to select and locate a waste management facility with proper combination of technologies while having very limited contact with experts at universities. In addition, neither the ministry nor the municipalities could overcome the public reactions to waste Management facilities. Another significant shortcoming is the incomplete adaption of EU legislation. Implementation of new legislation is possible by immediate developing of national, regional and local waste management plans and supply of satisfactory number of stuff with required expertise.

Future Development of Waste Management in China According to the 13th Five-Year Plan
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag fĂĽr Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
Municipal solid waste (MSW) known as trash or garbage consists of food waste, paper, cardboard, plastics, PET, glass, textiles, metals, wood and leather, nappies, slug, ash, etc. are arising from human and animal activities. The rapid development and urbanization of China have resulted in an increasing volume of MSW. So the problem of MSW management has become a major social problem, but one the other hand, because of their intrinsic properties, MSW are often reusable and may be considered a resource for energy recovery. The delivering quantity of household waste averages 179 million tons in China, and the amount of untreated MSW over the years has reached 7 billion tons.

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