A Sociological Checklist for Assessing Environmental Health Risks
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2014)
The contribution of social sciences to risk assessment has often been confined to dimensions of risk perception and communication. This article relates an effort to promote knowledge from the social sciences that addresses other dimensions of risk issues. A sociological checklist produced for ANSES in France helps to identify and analyse social dimensions that should be given attention during the process of risk assessment.

Risk Assessment, Science and Deliberation: Managing Regulatory Diversity under the SPS Agreement?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2012)
The adoption by WTO Members of measures relating to the protection of health and life of animals, plants and humans is regulated by the WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement. A fundamental question in the application of this agreement concerns the distinction to be drawn between legitimate regulation and unlawful restriction of trade. This distinction can be diffi cult to discern, particularly since different communities have different levels of tolerance for risk, which leads to varying national regulatory decisions.

Environmentally benign and cost optimal phosphoric acid production through a systematic process design framework
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
In the present work we address the cost optimal and environmentally efficient design of industrial scale phosphoric acid production processes. We develop a framework that aims to facilitate the design and optimization of phosphoric acid production processes in order to propose solutions that improve the performance of the existing production technologies. The proposed framework is built upon am iterative procedure where design detail is added to the developed optimum process schemes based on evaluation of the generated designs.

Molecular analysis on the lipid A (endotoxin) biosynthesis of aerosolized Pseudomonas spp. (y-Proteobacteria) isolated from different workplaces
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an essential component of the outer membrane in most Gram-negative bacteria. LPS consists of the lipid A moiety linked to a short-core oligosaccharide and the distal Oantigen polysaccharide chain. The most biologically active component of LPS is lipid A (or endotoxin), a strong activator of monocytes to release immune stimulators such as proinflammatory cytokines. LPS and lipid A can be present on the bioaerosol at different workplaces causing different endotoxic diseases.

Potential of selected metals to cause Metal Fume Fever: a comprehensive review
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Metal fume fever (MFF) is a disease as old as the metallurgy of brass. It is an industrial acute illness of short duration that occurs when metals are heated above their melting point. It is most common to people with no previous exposure to the fumes or in workers returning to industrial environment after weekend. The disease is a constellation of symptoms, which may include metallic taste, cough, sneezing and tightness of chest, sweating, headache, fever, muscle aches, mouth dryness, nausea, vomiting, leykocytosis and tiredness. It is believed that the disease has an immunopathological basis facilitated by cytokines. The present paper highlights the mechanisms of MFF through the most relevant in vivo and in vitro experiments. Furthermore, each candidate metal is examined in relation to MFF provocation potential.

Fire Extinguishing Concepts for Recycling Plants
© Wasteconsult International (6/2009)
This fire extinguishing concept analyses problems that may occur with fires in recycling plants and shows improved procedures for safe and economical automatic fire fighting. 1 Fire Extinguishing Concepts for Recycling Plants 1.1 Problem Outline 1.2 Fire Risk 2 Choice of Extinction Method 2.1 Possible Extinction Methods 2.2 Assessment of Fire Extinction Methods 2.3 Choice of Method 3. ONE-SEVEN Compressed Air Foam Extinction System 3.1 Extinguishing Capacity 3.2 System Suitability and Use

Environmental Impacts at a Gold Mining Enterprise in Bolivia
© Lehrstuhl fĂĽr Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2008)
EMIRSA has used NaCN as leaching agent from the beginning at the Kori Kollo gold mine and does so until today. During the project of oxidised ores (1982–1992) heap leaching and subsequently the Merrill-Crowe-Process (precipitation with zinc dust) were applied, gaining a gold precipitate as product. The metallurgical process was changed with the mining of sulphide ores (1992–2003) in favour of leaching in agitated tanks including CIL (carbon-in-leach), followed by electrolysis and casting of bars of doré (an alloy of gold and silver).

© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Disposal of waste to landfill is the most common form of waste management worldwide, with 64% of municipal solid waste (MSW) sent to landfill in OECD countries (Slack, Gronow & al., 2004). For technical, economical and regulatory reasons, landfilling remains as the most practical waste treatment solution. For many other reasons, it also appears the least rational approach to waste management. Land repositories become committed to waste disposal for perhaps 10 years and the aftercare period may last up to 100 years. Biogas and leachate may have severe impacts on the environment and public health, and landfilling may cause other types of public nuisance. Furthermore, in many countries MSW is deposited to landfills with no waste separation and no proof of contents.

© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
This work is structured in several phases according to a logical procedure of risk evaluation and treatment of biological municipal solid waste treatment plants. At first, there is a presentation of the objectives of our study: assessment of occupational risks, of the following consequences on health and of measures to adopt in order to reduce risk. Then, following the analysis of the existing plants (type and number of plants, technological cycles, and selection of plants according to the local environmental policies and to the diversified evolution at the geographical level); some measures of risk-reduction and prevention and protection systems have been supplied.

The UK Reservoirs Act 1975 and the Protection of our Cultural Heritage
© Springer Vieweg | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH (10/2007)
This paper outlines some of the responsibilities which face the owner/undertaker of reservoirs subject to the UK Reservoirs Act 1975.

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