Mercury Recovery from Solid Hazardous Wastes by Thermal Desorption
© Lehrstuhl f├╝r Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversit├Ąt Leoben (11/2010)
This paper reviews basic principles, applicability, advantages and limitations, methods of predicting and improving performance of thermal desorption plants for highly mercury-contaminated solid wastes. The discussion is based on a review of previously performed bench scale tests and field applications using thermal desorption systems which have been undertaken, mostly with mercury-contaminated soils from Buna Schkopau and the Chemical Factory Marktredwitz (CFM).

A new threat from consumer goods coming from closing the loop in a global scale
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The discussion of the assessment and management of chemicals and products at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro led for example to the creation of the OECD programme Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). The World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg 2002 encouraged countries to implement the GHS, adopted by UN ECOSOC in July 2003, as soon as possible, with a view of having the system operating by 2008.

New automated technologies in environmentally sensitive shipyards
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Shipbuilding industry is known as one of the hardest metal industry with several chemicals and hazardous material. Most of the production processes such as welding, painting, blasting and fiberglass production have direct impact on workers health. There are several wastes and pollutants being released during shipbuilding and ship repairing processes.

WASTE MANAGEMENT AND COUNTERMEASURES OF EARTHQUAKE DISASTER IN KOBE CITY JAPAN
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The Hanshin Awaji Earthquake stroked on 17th January 1995 at Kansai Region of Honshu Island in Japan. Kobe city had the biggest damage in this earthquake. Duaring these twelve years, several big earthquakes struck Japan such as Niigata, Fukuoka and Noto peninsula. So, experiences and knowledge of Great Hanshin Awaji earthquake are in the spotlight again. Because still it is not fully put those experiences and/or knowledge to preparation for future disaster. The authors were taken part of the disaster waste management of the earthquake in Kobe city as a consultant. The purpose of this study is to contribute future disaster waste management and countermeasures, though our experience and analysis

DECISION SUPPORT TOOL FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF DEBRIS FROM HOMELAND SECURITY INCIDENTS
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Pollution incidents of national significance can be caused by industrial accidents; natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes, terrorist attacks; weapons of mass destruction; and disease outbreaks impacting the safety of the U.S. food supply. These incidents require an integrated response from federal, state, and local government. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has updated the National Response Plan (NRP) and the National Incident Management System for responding to Homeland Security incidents of national significance. Within the NRP, the DHS has identified 15 National Planning Scenarios that every federal, state and local emergency response agency is to create emergency plans for. Each of these 15 scenarios involves decontamination and disposal of contaminated material.

REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM SOLUTION BY A NOVEL SWINE MANURE-BASED ACTIVATED CARBON
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
The impact of excessive animal manure production on the quality of life and the environment is generating public and regulatory concern. Additionally, water quality issues and the dwindling availability of potable water have become a hot topic worldwide. Viable value-added alternatives that involve the reuse, rather than disposal of animal manures, are therefore in need. Activated carbons, usually made by pyrolysis and activation of either decomposed plant material such as coal, or plant feedstock such as coconut hulls and wood, can also be produced from innovative sources such as animal manures. Chars can be either steam-activated or chemically-depending on the application and the feedstock. Generally speaking, commercial plant-based carbons while excellent at adsorbing various organic constituents from air or water, have limited ability to remove metals, unless they undergo chemical activation, necessary to confer either a positive or negative charge to the carbon.

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